You should be aware of wild edibles and don’t confuse them with anything else growing in the wilderness. To get precious life-saving calories, you can turn to foraging flowers, roots, nuts, wild asparagus, acorns, berries, weed, fruit, and vegetables. Ever heard of eating dandelions or cover flowers? Read our article and you will discover the most common wild edibles that can fit your taste. Read carefully: some wild plants are poisonous.
You never know what information you will need in the future, finding yourself in a particular survival situation. For example, how do you plan to survive in the wild? In this case, plant identification skills and knowing what is edible are a MUST.
View this Pin to get acquainted with wild edibles you may use as foods not only in emergencies but daily.
The 13 Best Wild Edible Plants
1) Edible Clover
This is one of the common wild edibles which can be easily met in the USA. It is full of proteins and very useful in making different products. Here are some tips for extracting the best health benefits from this species.
First of all, to avoid any problems with the raw plants’ digestion, you can squeeze out the juice from them.
Second, you can make flour from the dried flowers and their seed pods.
Third, once you steeped the plants in the water, you can get yourself tea.
2) Edible Cattails
They say cattails were a basic food for indigenous Americans, and you possibly tried them in Boy Scouts. Anyway, you might not know that cattails are totally edible wild plants with a good amount of starch in them and can be used for cooking. Just do not eat the fiber not to end up with a stomachache, and you will be okay.
Thanks to nature, it is possible to make pancakes by mixing cattail pollen with flour and eggs. To gather the pollen, you should comb through the upper parts of these wild edible plants for yellow grains at the end of June or the beginning of July.
3) Edible Berries
Perhaps, the most popular wild edibles among foragers are berries. You can find them almost everywhere in northern North America as most of them grow in cool and high climates.
As for berries of dark color, almost all of them are safe and healthy for nutrition because they have Vitamin C and enough fiber. However, red, yellow, and white berries are wild edibles that are very risky for humans. Never eat them, especially when being in survival situations, if you are not good at identifying wild plants.
Grapes are also edible plants. Their leaves can be dried for some days and then boiled for about twenty minutes in an open pot to heat them up with or even without a wrapped meat slice. These wild edibles are enriched with vitamins and fiber as well.
4) Edible Dandelions
Everyone knows what a dandelion is, but not all people understand they can treat this flower as real food. Did you know that yellow dandelion petals can be eaten raw? And have you ever heard that it is also practicable to boil and try the plant’s leaves and roots? Younger leaves are tastier, by the way.
Thanks to the book I’ve recently read, I learned one good pesto recipe you can use dandelions for. You just need to boil young plants, freeze them all for a while, and then add vinegar, olive oil, some oregano, and pepper. I want you to pin this recipe because I bet you definitely will need it when go foraging wild edibles and cooking some food.
Another kind of edible wild plants is acorns. You can not eat them raw but certainly can make flour from them and bake using some ready-made recipes. Acorn flour has an original taste and a different quality than wheat flour, but you never understand until you try it.
6) Wild Asparagus
This enduring wild edible usually grows in North America. You can see asparagus near trenches or railroad tracks, where the ground is not too moist, and the summer climate is dry. Young stalks of these wild plants are often seen together with older dead ones, which are about a meter high, as many books say.
Asparagus stalks sometimes differ from each other. Those you can buy at the supermarket have thicker stalks than the ones of the wild plants. But the latter is remarkable because they can grow back after you cut them lower to the ground.
You can either boil or steam wild asparagus or eat it in raw form when turning out to be in the wilderness.
7) Edible Bamboo
Bamboo is an edible wild weed that can be helpful for various uses. Foragers can find it growing in particular regions of the country and use it as food and a way for fire kindling.
Plus, these weeds are a good source of such nutrients as proteins, fiber, and potassium.
To try bamboo, you should complete some preparation stages. First, cut younger shoots when they are less than a foot high. Second, remove all the outer leaves and tough shoots components. Third, slice them into small parts and boil uncovered for more than twenty minutes to get a less bitter taste.
8) Milk Thistle
You probably have seen plants with purple-colored petals at the top. These are the weeds called milk thistle, and they are also quite decent edibles. They can usually be met along the motor roads, but my mother grew them in the backyard.
It is better to peel the spines off the leaves and eat them with other foods. One can also boil stalks and roots or even bake something from the resulting flour.
9) Edible Violets
The wild edible plants definitely rich in vitamins A and C are definitely violets. People value this plant for the variety of uses it can be applied for and the many health benefits.
Their leaves are nutritious and suitable for eating unprepared or boiled, but they are also a good basis for making tea from them. Heck, such tea can even cure a headache if you take a towel, soak it in this wonderful liquid, and put it on the backside of one’s neck.
Despite the hundreds of useful qualities of these edible plants, two things you should beware of are their roots and African Violets.
10) Wild Onions
If you want to find some food and see something close to a wild onion or garlic, you can memorize one simple rule – it needs to smell similar to how onion or garlic smells, not only look like them.
Wild onions usually grow on moist and poor soil. Once you find a real onion, you can eat it entirely, either in a raw form or you can use it in foods.
Despite hard pronunciation, purslane must be familiar to you as it grows in many places around, mostly shady ones. Usually, it is right on the ground and can be noticed in sidewalks cracks. Besides, the weeds are extremely viable and are able to grow for about thirty years and more.
Purslane weeds are excellent for food since there are a lot of Omega-3 and beta-carotene nutrients inside. Like any other edible plants in this pin, they can be eaten unprepared or cooked.
You can find dishes containing purslane and prepared according to the best recipes in the restaurants.
12) Edible Day-lily
Next edible flowers have an interesting background. Daylilies can not be found in the United States or Europe. They are widespread only in Asia and are known for their nutritional and medical qualities.
Once you decided to try these flowers, you should cut the leaves at around 5 inches. Remember that if you damage the stalks, it won’t be possible to grow back and be used again. Then you can have stir fry or saute the leaves.
You can eat the buds untreated, boiled, or stir-fried, as well as daylily roots or the whole flowers. It is better to cook them in late autumn as they should get enough vitamins and healthy minerals.
13) Wild Lettuce
A plant that is not edible but still has a lot of useful qualities is wild lettuce. It is gathered and processed so that we could get an extract and apply it for medical purposes.
This plant is definitely worth foraging, so if you find it, never miss it!
Always Be Careful
Every time you are going to eat something in the wild, check yourself multiple times, and think wisely. You might not be good at plant identification and make a mistake, which can cause you problems with health and even kill you.
I suggest you make a small bite of the plant first and observe your body reactions. You can try some other safe experiments to make sure you are not poisoned.
Remember that the plants located near cities or roadways may be regularly sprayed with different chemicals and unsafe for nutrition. Especially cyanide has a smell similar to almonds, so keep this in mind to avoid heavy poisoning and death.
Flip through our extensive survival preparation guide and get ready for totally anything! Find a lot of relevant info about homestead or wilderness survival situations, the best survival gear out there, together with the essential survival skills a real prepper, homesteader, and survivalist must have and increase — all on our website!
What wild foods are edible?
The easiest to get wild food are plants that sometimes people do not identify as edible. On this page, we covered thirteen basic wild edible plants so that you could forage safely. To summarize, they are different berries, including grapes, weeds such as wild asparagus, purslane, milk thistle, and cattails, and, of course, amazing flowers – violets, day-lilies, clovers, etc.
What can you eat to survive in the wild?
To survive in the wild, you definitely need to know different species of plants because they can save your life if you can understand what is edible. Our article presents useful information on what you can use as food in survival situations – it is a particular type of flower, berries, weeds, and acorns.
How do you safely forage?
To forage safely, it is necessary to have enough knowledge about different plant species: how they look like, what qualities they have, and which of them are unsafe. Keep also in mind that you can never know something for sure in the wilderness.
How do you know if a plant is edible?
There are some widespread wild edible plants that everyone should know about – clovers, cattails, onion, bamboo, etc. All of them have their own distinctive features. To check what plant you see, check for its size, smell, color, and location. Plus, never eat plants near civilization as they may be in chemicals.